January 4th, 2017

Creating Cartoons to Spark Engagement, Learning

By:

cartoon word bubble

As instructors, we are constantly looking for new ways to capture our students’ attention and increase their participation in our classes, especially in the online modalities. We spend countless hours crafting weekly announcements for classes and then inevitably receive multiple emails from our students asking the very same questions that we so carefully and completely answered in those very same announcements! The question remains, how do we get them to read our posts?

It was precisely that problem I was trying to solve when I came across several articles touting the benefits of comics in higher education classrooms. I knew I couldn’t create an entire comic book, but I wondered if I could create a content-related cartoon that would not only capture students’ attention and maybe make them laugh, but also interest them enough that they would read the entire announcement or post. In doing so, I would be freed from responding to dozens of emails asking the same questions outlined in the announcements and students could focus on the homework.

A quick Internet search led me to a plethora of free “click and drag” cartoon making software applications to try. I started posting my own cartoons on characters, themes, etc. on the weekly literature we were studying in my upper division American and Contemporary World Literature classes, as well as to offer reminders or a few words of encouragement. Here’s an example of one I posted during week 7 of the semester when students can become discouraged with their assignment load: http://www.toondoo.com/cartoon/10115361

After a positive response, I decided to provide my online students the opportunity to try their hand at cartoon creation. I created a rubric and a set of instructions for an easy to use, free program that I had used, and I opened up the “cartoon challenge” to the students. The results were nothing short of amazing—what intrigued me the most was the time and effort they took with their cartoons. Not only did they create cartoons on the story we were reading, but they also wrote additional posts explaining their ideas for the creation, discussing why they chose a particular scene, and identifying those elements pertinent to the points they were making. These posts tended to receive many more substantial comments from their peers than the traditional discussion board posts, indicating they were being read more.

When students in my face-to-face course heard about the cartoons, they asked to try this approach as well. Their cartoons, shared in class via the overhead projector, led to some of the most engaging and interesting discussions I have ever had in the residential literature classes as students explained how they came up with the elements they chose, and why they picked a certain scene from the reading. The positive student feedback has been instrumental in my continuing to offer this option in both my online and face-to-face classes.

How does one get started in making these cartoons? The good news is you do not have to be an artist to make a cartoon! There are free programs with templates, clip art, and all the elements you would need to click and drag into place all those wonderful ideas you have simmering in your brain. My favorite to use is ToonDoo, available at http://toondoo.com. I like it because there are literally hundreds of elements, a search bar, and it lets me customize what I want to say in the dialog bubbles. It is very user friendly, even for those of us with limited artistic ability.

The whole experience has been overwhelmingly positive for me, and judging from the feedback received, for the students as well. It has also reminded me of one of my teaching goals, which is to incorporate more activities which would fall under assimilating and creating aspects of Bloom’s Taxonomy (Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy, 2001). If that is your goal as well, then try inserting a cartoon in those weekly announcements and ask for feedback from your students—I think you’ll be pleasantly surprised!

References:
Armstrong, Patricia (n.d.) Bloom’s Taxonomy, Vanderbilt University, Center for Teaching. Retrieved from https://cft.vanderbilt.edu/guides-sub-pages/blooms-taxonomy/#2001

Pappas, Christopher (2014) The 5 Best Free Cartoon Making Programs for Teachers. Retrieved from: https://elearningindustry.com/the-5-best-free-cartoon-making-tools-for-teachers

Vicki E. Phillips is an assistant professor of English and Literature at Rasmussen College, Ocala, Fla.


  • Bryan Hauf

    What a creative way to engage students, especially if they are telling a story. Is the author willing to share the rubric? I have a colleague who is wanting to implement this activity into a public health course.

    • Susan Bickford

      Yes, I want the rubric too!

  • Dr. Garman

    I too, would like to ask for the Rubric (if it is sharable)

  • Vicki Phillips

    Hi everyone,
    Thank you so much for the comments.
    The rubric is more centered on our discussion boards,and basically outlines how many points each area is worth. For example:
    Background element used that shows aspect of story..0- 5
    Characters chosen reflect aspects of characters in story:0- 5
    Dialog Bubbles used to illustrate one or more scenes or themes of story-0- 5 .
    Commentary to illustrate why you chose those particular elements or that scene in particular.0- 5
    Overall, they can earn up to 20 points..
    I also made a Step by Step Power Point on how to use the free software.

  • Junette Mohan

    Id like to try this. Thanks for sharing the rubric. What cartoon software did you ask the students to use?

    • Vicki Phillips

      I used Toondoo available at toondoo.com–it was free, easy to use, and had enough character elements, backgrounds, and dialog bubbles that could be customized with lines from the story. I also created a short Power Point to upload to the class with Step by Step Instructions on how to use. Basically, just screenshots of each step, it is very simple to use. Only 4 steps after you create the account to a finished product.

  • Jeff King

    I started doing this in an online undergrad cybersecurity course just after reading the article. I post one cartoon a week, mid-week, centered on the lesson material for the week. Even if my students just log on every Wed to see the newly posted cartoon, I feel like it’s worth it. Plus, I really enjoy the creative outlet! Toondoo.com is great, thanks for the suggestion! Here’s an example of mine: https://uploads.disquscdn.com/images/ed09d28ae4db583afcf199a5ba64abbca63cf78bbbb4f1b717a952cc01a73248.png